By Shannon Lane @Shannonroselane

WITH 2016 en route to being the hottest year on record, the penguins of the Antarctic Peninsula are attempting to adapt to their dramatically changing habitat

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Two Gentoo penguins stare balefully at the camera

According to NASA the first six months of 2016 were the planet's warmest half-year on record, with an average temperature 1.3 degrees celsius warmer than the late nineteenth century.

Gentoo penguins are better equipped to deal with the changing climate

This year, two key climate change indicators - global surface temperatures and Arctic sea ice extent – also broke numerous records.

Chinstrap penguins often collect rocks for their nests

Photographer Massimo Rumi recorded three species of penguin; Adélie, Chinstrap and Gentoo, acclimating to warmer temperatures and the effects it brings.

A Gentoo penguin peers inquisitively into the camera from its perch on a rock

He said: “I spent a few days observing penguins in their natural habitat. They are very funny and you can’t get tired of looking at them. Colonies are extremely noisy. Imagine 100,000 penguins calling each other!”

A shrine to The Virgin Mary stands out in the bleak arctic landscape

All penguin species benefit from the melting of the Antarctic Peninsula’s sea ice, as it provides them with more open land and, in turn, better breeding sites. But unfortunately there are also more detrimental effects.

Rising temperatures are exposing the increasingly large areas of rock

Massimo said: “The negative impact of warming climate is the reduction of their main food source, krill, which has declined dramatically over the last 50 years.

Playful penguins share intimate kisses

“Gentoo have a more flexible diet than other two species, and can adapt to the shortage of krill, whilst Adélie and Chinstraps rely heavily on it for their survival”

Climate change has been decreasing the amount of krill

The Gentoo penguin is considered a climate change ‘winner’ as they have successfully adapted, and even continue to grow in their numbers, unlike the struggling Adelie and Chinstrap species.

A sea of penguins waddle up the hill which is now barely covered with snow

The photographer said: “Climate change is not the only threat to the krill population as fishing companies catch krill and turn it into animal feed and lucrative omega-3 dietary supplements.

“The delicate balance of this exceptional part of the world is therefore under serious threat because of human activities, and the impact could be potentially irreversible.”